Sapiens, the book, gives an amazing perspective of the context in which today’s religions, society, social practises etc evolved and how in the current context, a lot of these are irrelevant. One of the core ideas presented in the book is that humanity, during the course of evolution, favoured social stability over individual liberty because trust was necessary for human advancement and the basis of this trust was a common belief in the same God, social practises, etc. Today, science and technology as well as robust social institutions and concepts like democracy, liberalism, capitalism etc form the basis of trust. In short, the context does not hold true today but we still continue with the practises. We can draw parallel with this to the way organisations blindly adopt technology, frameworks and processes from other places without understanding the context around which these evolved.
During the course of my professional life, I have heard a lot along these lines; Netflix does micro services, let us also do that; Google and Facebook subject interview candidates to intensive data structure and algorithm questions, let us practise the same. Adopting something without understanding the context is a recipe for disaster. As a thought experiment, let us take micro services. Micro services evolved in tech organisations with complex products handled by multiple independent teams craving for control and autonomy without stepping on each others toes. Also, for micro services to succeed, you need to put in a lot of effort into alerting, monitoring, orchestration, devops etc. Without these, micro services is a bomb waiting to explode.
When borrowing technology or processes from other places, a lot of effort needs to be put into first understanding the context around which these evolved in the said place and also what is needed to make these work. Blind adoption usually leads to unmitigated disaster.